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Essay / Research Paper Abstract
A 3 page essay that contrasts and compares 3 creation stories. In ancient creation mythology, the role of feminine deities, and women in general, is to provide a sense of conflict, which serves to both heighten the drama of the story as well as provide a rationale that justifies the societal status quo of male domination. This pattern is evident in three ancient creation myths, “Enuma Elish” (ancient Babylonian epic), Hesiod’s “Theogony,” and Book of Genesis (ancient Hebrew). No additional sources cited.
3 pages (~225 words per page)
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both heighten the drama of the story as well as provide a rationale that justifies the societal status quo of male domination. This pattern is evident in three ancient creation
myths, "Enuma Elish" (ancient Babylonian epic), Hesiods "Theogony," and Book of Genesis (ancient Hebrew). In both "Enuma Elish" and Hesiods creation saga, the feminine principle emerges as one of
the first and most primal deities and refers to the Earth itself as a primeval goddess. In the Babylonian epic, this is "Tiamat, who bore them all," meaning the gods
and all of nature ("Enuma Elish" 34). In introducing the Greek version of the origin of the gods and the Earth, Hesiod first calls upon the "daughters of Zeus" to
give him inspiration, which is indicative of how the feminine is associated with creativity. He relates how "Ouranos and Gaia (Heaven and Earth) bore three sons," which were the first
gods (Hesiod 46). The Hebrew creation story completely demotes the feminine, as creation results from the will of one male creative deity. The feminine does not appear until Eve, the
first woman, is made from man. In all three stories, the feminine, that is, the role of women, is to create conflict, which is resolved by the domination of
males. In both "Enuma Elish" and in Hesiods mythology, the Earth goddess is described in terms of motherhood. Tiamet first rages against Apsu, her consort, because of his plans to
kill their children because they annoy him. She tells him, "How could we allow what we ourselves created to perish?" ("Enuma Elish" 35). She later wars against Marduk at the
instigation of her children, who say "Are you not a mother?...Dont you love us?" ("Enuma Elish" 36). Marduk slays Tiamet and creates the Earth from her body. He creates humanity