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Essay / Research Paper Abstract
3 pages in length. World War II proved to be a grim reminder that nations should once again attempt to form an international organization; thus, the United Nations (UN) was born. President Franklin D. Roosevelt coined the phrase for a global peacekeeping organization that originally formed in January 1942 and was comprised of twenty-six nations that "pledged their Governments to continue fighting together against the Axis Powers" (United Nations, 2000). Bibliography lists 5 sources.
3 pages (~225 words per page)
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President Franklin D. Roosevelt coined the phrase for a global peacekeeping organization that originally formed in January 1942 and was comprised of twenty-six nations that "pledged their Governments to continue
fighting together against the Axis Powers" (United Nations, 2000). Today, the UN continues to act as a political shield to help smooth out problems between countries and provides a
safe haven where world problems can be resolved without resorting to war. "Wars have many causes, and each war is unique and complicated, but the root issue is always
the same: Who rules when the fighting stops?" (Betts, 1995, p. 27). Assessing the overall efficacy of this organization requires one to
take a very broad perspective of the multifaceted tasks it is expected to carry out within global context. While peacekeeping is the original component for the UNs existence, it
has branched out into a number of intrinsically associated areas as a means by which to ensure fair, ethical and humane practices in a number of diverse parts of human
existence, not the least of which includes addressing such issues as child survival and development; environmental protection; human rights, health and medical research; easing poverty and supporting economic development; agricultural
development and fisheries; education; family planning; emergency and disaster relief; air and sea travel; peaceful uses of atomic energy; and labor/workers rights (United Nations, 2000).
The purpose of the United Nations, according to Betts (1995), is to "argue for caution" (p. 27) in a world where war is always just around the corner,
yet often their intervention creates more strife than it avoids, and their input is of no value. However, UN leaders say "doing it right is not impossible" (Betts, 1995,