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Essay / Research Paper Abstract
A 7 page paper which examines how culture and religion influenced the development of science in ancient Greece and the ancient Islamic empire. Bibliography lists 8 sources.
7 pages (~225 words per page)
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culture is often divided as people are either religious and thus are not interested in science, or they believe science, not religion, has the answers to all questions. However, this
is not a condition that has always existed in societies throughout history. In ancient times there were often no barriers in the culture that existed between science and religion. It
was not really until the arrival of Christiantiy and Christianitys power that such division came into being. The following paper examines ancient Greece and the Ancient Islamic Empire as they
saw the influence of culture and religion on scientific development. The paper then compares and contrasts the information. Ancient Greece The science of the ancient Greeks was perhaps
incredibly simple by todays standards, yet it was filled with people who were simply curious, and perhaps curious about Gods or the gods world. They wished to understand how things
worked, what made things different, and essentially science involved many different subjects. One subject is mathematics. Interestingly enough, "The mathematics and astronomy of the Greeks had been known in medieval
western Europe only through often imperfect translations, some of them made from Arabic intermediary texts rather than the Greek originals" (Mathematics, 2005). And, it was the papal curia which actually
was the force that recovered the information (Mathematics, 2005). In essence, in ancient times, "Scholarship supported science in this world where faith and science were not yet seen as two,
irreconcilable cultures" (Mathematics, 2005). Botany was another field of interest and the Greeks, being a culture of people who wanted to enjoy and understand life, studied "all aspects of
plant life, including where plants live and how they grow. The Greek philosopher Aristotle, who lived during the 300s BC, collected information about most of the plants known at that