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Essay / Research Paper Abstract
A 6 page discussion of this denouncement of religion. Freud contends that human behavior, even our thoughts and feelings, are determined by innate biologically rooted instincts and not by the artificial guidelines of religion. Our life instincts or “eros” include those that motivate such basic drives as sex, hunger and thirst are what is important. The author points out, however, that their are many reasons to disagree with Freud.
5 pages (~225 words per page)
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belief. Freuds contributions to psychology, of course, one-hundred years old. Despite his many now-apparent errors, we continue to place great importance on both the man and his psychoanalytical
ideologies. In "The Future of Illusion" Freud brings together his concepts of "ego", "superego", "id", "eros" into the spotlight of religion. This work exemplifies his systematic codification of
his observations of the workings of the human mind. Freud counters the value of religion, however, and contends that human behavior, even our thoughts and feelings, are determined by
innate biologically rooted instincts. Our life instincts or "eros" include those that motivate such basic drives as sex, hunger and thirst not by the artificial constraints placed on us
by religion. Our "libido" (that sexual or sensual arena of our behavior), in particular runs counter to religion says Freud.
Freudian theory holds that human personality is divided into three subsystems, the id, the ego, and the superego. The id is the genetically rooted subsystem of our personality.
The realm of the id is in the unconscious segment of our mind and it is through it that our basic instincts develop and it is through it that we
satisfy our basic pleasurable instincts. The libido, in particular, drives the id. While we are born with our id, we develop our ego in our interactions with the
world, through our experience with reality. While the id operates on the pleasure principle, the ego operates on the reality principle. While its primary task is to satisfy
the id it attempts to do so in a rational and reasonable fashion. Freud clarifies: