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Comparing Greek and Roman Gods, Goddesses

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A 3 page research paper that discusses the mythology of ancient Greece and Rome and how their pantheons differed. This also addresses what the differences imply about Roman traits. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

Page Count:

3 pages (~225 words per page)

File: D0_khgrrogg.rtf

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the fact that Roman religion evolved from animistic beliefs ("Zeus or Jupiter?"). In other words, to the Romans, their gods and goddesses were embodiments of forces in nature that they respected, but were recognized as symbols, so they had "no children and nothing resembling the personal lives" of the Greek pantheon ("Zeus or Jupiter?"). This changed as the Romans adopted Greek ideas and Roman gods evolved from pure abstractions to having human personalities, with the Greek pantheon eventually absorbed into Roman culture practically unchanged ("Zeus or Jupiter?"). Therefore, there are often few differences between the ways in which Greek and Roman deities are portrayed. Jupiter is the Roman equivalent of Zeus, the supreme god, the god of "heavenly light," who is also considered the "god of storms, lighting and agriculture" and capable of wielding lightning bolts that could strike down mortals who offended him ("Zeus or Jupiter?"). Jupiter is one of the di Indigetes, that is, one of the original gods of early Roman society. The characteristics associated with these deities suggest that the early Romans were largely an "agriculture community," but also that they were inordinately fond of fighting, and, therefore, were "much engaged in war" ("Roman Mythology"). Venus is the Roman equivalent of the Greek goddess Aphrodite, who is the "goddess of love, beauty and sexual rapture" (Lindemans "Aphrodite"). As with Aphrodite, Venus is the goddess of love and beauty, but she was originally a "vegetation goddess and patroness of gardens and vineyard" (Lindemans "Venus"). A similar background as an agricultural god characterizes the background of Mars, who is the Roman equivalent of the Greek god Ares. However, a more accurate conceptualization of Ares would be that he is the "god of bloodlust" (Lindemans "Ares"). The Greeks conceptualized Ares as being totally ...

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