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11 pages in length. Exercise, along with proper nutrition and an otherwise healthful lifestyle, helps make the body and mind a sound working relationship. Not many people stop to consider the physiological implications of exercise beyond their muscular appearance and heart performance, yet there are myriad considerations to be made when it comes to understanding just how the body functions while exercising. Bibliography lists 16 sources.
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the muscular appearance and heart performance, yet there are myriad considerations to be made when it comes to understanding just how the body functions while exercising. II. HIGH ALTITUDE
EXERCISING High altitude exercising is typically utilized as a means by which athletes can obtain a better sea-level endurance performance. By employing
such exercising techniques, there are a number of physiological pros and cons with regard to acclimatization and other adaptations. Levine et al (1997) note that the benefits derived from
high altitude exercising "must derive from either the development of acclimatization, an enhancement of the training effect by hypoxi exercise, or both" (pp. 102-112). In relation to acclimatization, the
transport of oxygen is improved, as is alveolar oxygenation; as well, skeletal muscle could sustain expansive growth, in turn improving "oxygen extraction and substrate utilization" (Levine et al, 1997, pp.
102-112). Leonvelarde et al (1996) indicate that when a person is taken from high altitude acclimatization back down to sea level, there may be considerable change in alveolar PCO2
and PO2. Of all the beneficial aspects of high altitude exercising that ultimately improve sea-level performance, according to Levine et al (1997), is that of an augmentation in oxygen-carrying
red blood cell mass. Bigard et al (1991) also note that skeletal changes are prevalent in relation to high altitude exercising. Because
the objective of high altitude exercising is to increase an athletes performance, it would not seem prudent to cause the body detriment while in the process of bettering stamina and
endurance; however, with as many advantages as there are in relation to high altitude exercising, there are also some physiological drawbacks to which each individual must attend. Being aware