Sample Essay on:
The Chemistry of Cocaine and Its Effects

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Essay / Research Paper Abstract

This is a 10 page paper discussing the history, chemistry and effects of cocaine and its usage in Western society. Originating in 1860 in Western society, cocaine has been used extensively as a recreational drug. Synthetic cocaine is now produced because of the increased effort in the restrictions of obtaining drug from its natural source. Recently researchers have found that the dopamine hypothesis can account for the psychological effects of the drug while the physiological effects include tachycardia, hypertension and renal failure. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

Page Count:

10 pages (~225 words per page)

File: D0_TJcocch1.rtf

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Unformatted sample text from the term paper:

cocaine was sold over the counter and part of food and beverage products until about 1916. Once deemed illegal, the import of the product was considerably more difficult and producers started to look for synthetic ways to produce the product rather than by import. The synthetic process is very involved but does use products which are legally available. Because of this, cocaine use remains very high in the United States and is approximated to be used by over 4.1 million Americans in a recent household survey. Because of this high usage, researchers have begun to analyze the psychological and physiological mechanisms which are involved with the intake of cocaine. It has been found that using the dopamine hypothesis, high concentrations of dopamine resulting in prolonged activity of the neurons, produced by using cocaine explains the psychological euphoria associated with the drug. However, use of cocaine has also profound effects on the human physiology which may result in tachycardia, subarachnoid hemorrhages, hypertension and renal failure. In addition, cocaine has been shown to have a severe impact of the development of cocaine-exposed babies. Background Cocaine is a powerful psycho stimulant and is an alkaloid found in leaves of a South American shrub called Erthroxylon coca. The active ingredient was first isolated by Westerners by a man named Albert Niemann in 1860. The drug soon became the favourite of Sigmund Freud and was used in the personas of Sherlock Holmes and Robert Louis Stephensons novel Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde ( 2002). Widely used in tonics and for toothaches and medicinal cures, cocaine was sold over the counter until around 1916 or so. It was also combined with alcohol to produce cocaethylene which was widely used ...

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