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In six pages this paper examines the importance of cloning to the science of plant and animal biology and also considers its potential impacts on medicine, agriculture, economics, criminal justice, and society as a whole. Four sources are listed in the bibliography.
6 pages (~225 words per page)
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its derivative (Cloning, n.d.). This procedure produces a cell either by fission, by budding in the instances of one-cell organism (the hydra, for example), or in a laboratory setting
by which a diploid cell nucleus is inserted into an egg in which its nucleus was removed (Cloning, n.d.). Some plants are capable of producing clones from their horizontal
stems known as runners (Cloning, n.d.). Strawberries are one such example. Animal and plant cloning can also be achieved in laboratories where scientists transfer a copy of a
DNA sequence (a gene) from one organism to the next, which is then reproduced through genetic engineering (Cloning, n.d.). Cloning is writing an exciting chapter in the continually evolving
history of biology and that potentially has far-reaching impacts on such diverse fields as medicine, agriculture, economics, and criminal justice. However, cloning will ultimately register the greatest and most
lasting impact on society as a whole. II. Description of Cloning a. Plant Plants were the first recipients of genetic engineering, but the settings were farms instead of
laboratories. When farmers would save the best apple seeds for planting the following year, this was a rudimentary example of cloning. Today, plant research scientists accomplish cloning through
the manipulation of a limited number of vectors. The Ti plasmid (a plasmid that encourages tumor growth) found in soil bacteria is a popular choice. When Ti plasmid
bacteria infiltrate the cell of a plant, 30,000 base-pair T DNA segments are separated from the source plasmid and implanted into the cell of the host. Horticulturalists and home
gardeners can clone plants successfully through what is known as vegetative propagation. This is achieved when a portion of a live plant is cut, placed in either soil or