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Essay / Research Paper Abstract
This 30 page paper addresses several related topic areas: the data on poverty in the U.S., the sociology of poverty, urbanism, isolation, and residential segregation, residential segregation, income equity and health, poverty, race and urban emergency medicine, and policy implications. Study after study demonstrates the link between poverty and poor health outcomes. Persons living in urban poverty, in the inner city neighborhoods consistently are shown to have poorer health than those who do not live in these conditions. The situation has been shown to be even worse for minorities, particularly the black population. This essay discusses and explains why these situations exist. The paper also discusses the overuse of emergency departments. Data included. 1 table included. Bibliography lists 34 sources.
30 pages (~225 words per page)
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Unformatted sample text from the term paper:
not live in these conditions. The situation has been shown to be even worse for minorities, particularly the black population. While all low-income individual and families have poorer health outcomes
than those who are not living in poverty, minorities suffer even more than whites. This essay provides data on poverty in the United States and discusses the sociology of
poverty, the effects of urbanism and isolation, the relationship between health and residential segregation and income equity, and poverty, race and urban emergency department use. The essay ends with policy
implications. Poverty - The Data In 2001, 32.9 million Americans were living in poverty, which was an increase of 1.3 million from the previous year (Griggs and Bazie, 2002).
The median income in the nation dropped by $900 to $42,200, which represents a 2.2 percent drop (Griggs and Bazie, 2002). The rich got richer and the poor became poorer
- the shares of income going to the lowest income groups fell to an all-time low (Griggs and Bazie, 2002). While the median income was decreasing for 95 percent of
the nation, it was increasing for the top five percent of the population - by $1,000 from $259,445 in 2000 to $260,464 in 2001 (Griggs and Bazie, 2002). The median
household income dropped across the board, including all racial-ethnic groups with the exception of Hispanic households who experienced the least decline (Griggs and Bazie, 2002). African-American households, i.e., families, saw
the median income drop by $1,025, or 3.4 percent with an even larger decrease among Asian and Pacific Islander households where median incomes plummeted by $3,678, or 6.4 percent (Griggs
and Bazie, 2002). Geographically, the smallest decline in average income was in the Northeast and the largest was in the Midwest, where median incomes fell by $1,662 or 3.7 percent