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Essay / Research Paper Abstract
A 5 page discussion of the factors which influence human behavior. The author compares the contentions of theorists like Hans Eysenck, Carl Rogers, and Abraham Maslow to conclude that both biology and factors like environment and individual experience are important in shaping an individual’s behavior and, indeed, their chances of succeeding in life. Bibliography lists 4 sources.
5 pages (~225 words per page)
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Unformatted sample text from the term paper:
Personality theorist fall into a number of broad categories in terms of the way they explain individual behavior. Two of these categories are the biological perspective and
the humanistic perspective. The biological perspective, as its name would indicate, approaches behavior from a genetic standpoint, contending that we are predisposed to certain types of behavior because of
our genetic makeup. The humanistic perspective, on the other hand, approaches behavior from more of a personal responsibility. Both approaches to behavior can be somewhat controversial, according to
the circumstances in which they are interpreted. The biological explanation, however, is more frequently embroiled in controversy than is the humanistic explanation of behavior.
The biological perspective is most often associated with the name Hans Eysenck, one of the worlds most influential psychologist. Prior to his death in 1997 Eysenck found
his theories in the midst of almost constant controversy (Schatzman, 1997). Paramount in his biological perspective of behavior was his belief in inherent differences in intelligence according to race
(Schatzman, 1997). Integral to this belief was Eysencks development of his personality theory. What would become Eysencks personality theory was undoubtedly the
result of many factors in his life, including the fact that he was a Jew and born in Germany during a time preceding the horrors of World War II.
He would study psychology by default since he did not have the academic prerequisites for acceptance into more serious scientific disciplines at college (Schatzman, 1997). His Ph.D. thesis would concern
the difference in artistic judgment and taste among individuals and his first published work would be on social attitudes (Schatzman, 1997). Schatzman (1997) condenses Eysencks findings: