Sample Essay on:
Borderline Personality Disorder

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Essay / Research Paper Abstract

A 6 page paper. The writer describes this disorder, diagnostic criteria, factors that may lead to suffering from BPD, incidence and treatment. The essay then turns to biographies of Princess Diana that conclude she suffered from BPD. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

Page Count:

6 pages (~225 words per page)

File: MM12_PGbpddi.RTF

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Unformatted sample text from the term paper:

layered between neurotic and psychotic disorders" (Oldham, 2004). That inherently makes it difficult to diagnose. DSM-IV defined BPD as "a heterogeneous construct that includes patients on the mood disorder spectrum and the impulsivity spectrum" (Oldham, 2004). This description brought BPD away from its earlier associating with psychoses, such as schizophrenia (Oldham, 2004). The DSM-IV-TR code for BPD is 301.83 DSM-IV-TR explain these patients as showing: Persuasive pattern of instability of interpersonal relationships, self-image, and affects, and marked impulsivity beginning by early adulthood and present in a variety of contexts (Oldham, 2004). BPD is definitely, at this time, an Axis II disorder, which means it is "an underlying pervasive or personality condition" (DSM-IV-TR). Diagnosis requires meeting five out of nine possible criteria and these must be present for a significant amount of time: 1. Frantic efforts to avoid real or imagined abandonment, such as lying, stealing, temper tantrums, etc. (American Psychiatric Association, 301.83). 2. A pattern of unstable and intense interpersonal relationships characterized by alternating between extremes of idealization and devaluation (American Psychiatric Association, 301.83). 3. Identity disturbance: markedly and persistently unstable self-image or sense of self (American Psychiatric Association, 301.83). 4. Impulsivity in at least two areas that are potentially self-damaging (e.g., promiscuous sex, eating disorders, binge eating, substance abuse, reckless driving, overspending, stealing). [Again, not including suicidal or self-mutilating behavior covered in Criterion 5] (American Psychiatric Association, 301.83). 5. Recurrent suicidal behavior, gestures, threats, or self-mutilating behavior (American Psychiatric Association, 301.83). 6. Affective instability due to a marked reactivity of mood (e.g., intense episodic dysphoria, irritability, or anxiety usually lasting a few hours and only rarely more than a few days) (American Psychiatric Association, 301.83). 7. Chronic feelings of emptiness, worthlessness (American Psychiatric Association, 301.83). 8. Inappropriate anger or difficulty controlling anger (e.g., frequent displays of temper, constant anger, ...

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