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Essay / Research Paper Abstract
An 8 page essay on the Queen consort of Edward II who, partially in retaliation for his homosexual affairs, led a successful rebellion against him. Bibliography lists 5 sources.
8 pages (~225 words per page)
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young squire named Piers Gaveston. After years of intrigue, she was instrumental in a rebellion which promoted herself and her lover, Mortimer, to power and resulted in the murder of
Edward II. Edward IIs relationship with Gaveston had begun years earlier before his marriage. An understanding of this relationship is intrinsic to the reign of Edward II and to
understanding the motivations of Isabella. A chronicler who described the beginning of the fateful relationship with Gaveston about thirty years after it began said, "and when the Kings son
saw him he fell so much in love that he entered upon an enduring compact with him, and chose and determined to knit an indissoluble bond of affection with
him, before all other mortals." (Bingham 35) A young man of considerable charm, he is described by written accounts as handsome and amusing, possessed of boundless self-confidence and devoid of
innate reverence for rank. (35) This boy who was so loved beyond discretion by Edward of Caernarvon, was equally hated by almost every other influential man in England. Edward
II could have easily conducted his homosexual relationship with Gaveston and not offended anyone if he had shown more discretion. During this period, an intimate friednship between two men was
a formal relationship governed by a code of conduct in much the same manner as the tradition of "Courtly Love." Such relationships were very accepted and the subject of Anglo-Norman
romance. The term "leals amants" which means literally "loyal lovers" was used to describe such relationships, but homosexuality was completely outside that convention. (Bingham 54) Edward must have been
extremely free about his attitude toward Gaveston for a Chronicler of the Abbey of Meaux wrote condemning Edward for being "too much given to sodomy." (54) In ignoring the conventions